Knee Injuries

Meniscus Tear

The menisci are two pieces of cartilage in the knee joint that absorb shock from putting weight on the knees with every step taken. In athletes, these tears occur by quick, sudden or collision movements. Another common cause is the natural wearing thin of the cartilage over time and use. Symptoms include pain in the area, stiffness and swelling, the knee locking, the sensation of the knee "giving way", and the knee cannot move its normal full range of motion.
See Recommended Treatments
Most of the time, treatment requires surgery. First, physical therapy will concentrate on range of motion exercises and then strengthening techniques will be introduced until original function is achieved.

Patellofemoral Pain (Runner’s Knee)

This condition is characterized by a dull or aching pain around or under the knee cap. Pain typically occurs when walking up or down stairs, squatting, kneeling and sitting with knees bent for an extended period of time. It is usually caused by any of the following: overuse of the joint, partial or complete dislocation of the kneecap, flat feet, a misalignment of the kneecap's position, and tight, weak or imbalanced thigh muscles.
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Prevention methods include staying in decent shape, using proper running form, using proper running gear, and increasing training at a steady, healthy pace. Physical therapy will encompass exercises to strengthen knee, increase mobility as well as flexibility.