- The shoulder is made up of three bones that are connected and stabilized by the rotator cuff. Irritation of the tendons that form the rotator cuff are responsible for this condition. Usually this is caused by overuse of the shoulder, especially in overhead motions. Symptoms include pain present during activity and rest, pain radiating from the shoulder down the arm, sudden pain with lifting, and eventual loss of strength and motion.
Physical therapy will initially focus on getting full motion back in the shoulder by doing stretching exercises. After motion is restored, strengthening exercises will be used to build up the rotator cuff muscles.