This condition is also known as arthritis of the neck and it is the degeneration of the joints in the neck, or cervical region of the spine. With age, joints lose their elasticity and experience added pressure as a result of the cartilage between them wearing away. Some risk factors include smoking, an occupation with prevalent neck motion and previous neck injuries or trauma. Symptoms include neck pain and stiffness that may worsen with activity, numbness, tingling, loss of balance, weakness in the hands or legs and frequent headaches.
Physical therapy will primarily focus on stretching and strengthening the neck muscles for better support as well as ensure posture is correct because incorrect posture can cause added stress on the neck and back.